With thousands of species of flies in North America, it's no wonder their persistent presence indoors and outdoors is no surprise. Depending on the region you live, there are numerous types of flies, each with its own individual characteristics such as body size, body color pattern, and wing size.
Some of the types include drain flies, also referred to as moth flies, phorid flies, also known as scuttle flies or humpbacked flies, fruit flies, and house flies. There are also types of flies that bite, such as the horse fly, black fly, stable fly, and the deer fly. Flies in the Calliphoridae, include cluster flies, blow flies, and carrion flies.
To understand how flies are made begins with the female laying eggs in areas containing garbage. Larvae hatch from the eggs into maggots. The all white maggot will grow until they are able to leave their hatching site, which serves as a food source, to begin the next step of their development, which is the pupal stage. During this stage, a cocoon is formed around the maggot that will ultimately emerge from the capsule as an adult fly.
The lifespan of flies varies and depends on several factors. While mayflies usually die within 24 hours or less, other types of flies can live for days or months. Things that can affect their lifespan include weather conditions, lack of food, or predators.
Flies lead an interesting life, especially house flies, which is the species we see most often. On the social spectrum, house flies are on the list as being wherever humans reside, around the world.
Age wise, true flies aka the Dipteran order, are ancient going back millions of years whereas, in comparison, the common house fly is around 70 million years old.
House flies are prolific breeders. On average, a female lays an estimated 120 eggs at a time. The process from an egg, to larvae, to pupa and emerging as an adult doesn't take long and once emerged, the new flies are ready to start the cycle all over again.
It's obvious that house flies can move quickly, when need be, to avoid predators and flyswatters. They generally move at around 4.5 miles per hour with a wing beat of 1,000 flaps per minute.
Residential flies stay close to home while rural flies may have to venture far and wide for miles in search of food sources. When it comes to food, the filthier the better. Flies thrive on sewage, garbage, excrement, fertilizer, and compost heaps.
If you've ever wondered why a house fly flits from food item to food item, it's because they're using they're feet as taste receptors. They can even walk upside down. Once they land, the taste sensors go to work. Since flies have soft mouths, their food must be in liquid form. They achieve this by vomiting on the food, which ejects an enzyme that breaks solid food down into liquid form.
Because of their propensity of feeding on garbage and other things that may carry unhealthy pathogens, flies are known carriers of disease.
Whether they're crawling, flying, or walking pests have earned their name honestly. When pests set up residence in your home or yard, it can lead to infestations that you can't get rid of on your own. Before an infestation happens, schedule a free estimate with Clint Miller Exterminating to have your home serviced to prevent and/or remove problematic pests. Our team of professionals focuses on timely service that leaves our customers fully satisfied. Call today and be pest free.